.gl Domain Is Navigating The Digital Icebergs

The .gl domain, Greenland’s country code top-level domain (ccTLD), serves as a vital digital gateway for businesses and individuals looking to establish an online presence in this unique and expansive Arctic territory. As the digital landscape continues to evolve, understanding the intricacies of ccTLDs like .gl becomes increasingly important for anyone interested in leveraging the internet’s global reach. This article delves into the .gl domain, exploring its significance, the process of registering a .gl domain through WHOIS services, and the opportunities it presents for conducting online business in Greenland.

Despite its geographical remoteness, Greenland and it’s 56,661 inhabitants are no strangers to the digital age. The .gl domain offers a distinct branding opportunity for local businesses, organizations, and cultural projects, allowing them to connect with a global audience while highlighting their Greenlandic identity. Moreover, for international companies aiming to tap into Greenland’s market or establish a local presence, understanding the .gl domain’s registration process, governance, and strategic advantages is crucial.

We are writing this article because our APIs works on .gl domains.

  • Domain Availability API allows .gl domain availability checks.
  • Whois API gets parsed .gl Whois records (example below).
  • SSL API checks if there is an SSL record installed on a .gl domain name.
  • Screenshot API will take a screenshot and generate a thumbnail on any .gl domain.

This exploration will also touch on the current state of .gl registrations, offering insights into how this ccTLD compares with others globally. With the internet erasing geographical boundaries, the choice of a domain name and extension can significantly impact an entity’s online visibility and credibility. As such, we’ll analyze the appeal of .gl domains for both local and international entities, and how it stands in the global TLD arena.

I’ll also write about its potential for driving digital growth and online business opportunities in Greenland.

Navigating the Iceberg: Understanding .gl WHOIS

In the vast, icy expanse of the internet’s domain name system (What is DNS?), the .gl WHOIS service stands as a beacon for those seeking information about domain names registered with Greenland’s country code top-level domain (ccTLD), .gl. Like a lighthouse guiding ships through foggy waters, WHOIS services provide essential information about domain registrations, offering clarity in the sometimes murky waters of the internet. This section delves into the world of WHOIS, with a special focus on the .gl domain, exploring its workings, users, and management.

What is .gl WHOIS?

WHOIS is a query and response protocol that is widely used for querying databases that store the registered users or assignees of an Internet resource, such as a domain name, an IP address block, or an autonomous system. The protocol delivers essential information about the domain registrant, including contact details, registration date (particularly important in cybersecurity), and when the domain registration expires. This transparency is crucial for maintaining the integrity of the internet, ensuring that there is always a way to find out who is behind a particular domain.

Example of a .gl whois record
Example of a .gl whois record

The provided WHOIS record in JSON offers detailed information about the domain “shop.gl,” which is registered under the .gl ccTLD for Greenland. Here’s a breakdown of the key elements from the JSON data:

  • Status and WHOIS Server: The query was successfully processed by the WHOIS server at whois.nic.gl, with no limit hit on queries, indicating that the request did not exceed the server’s query limit.
  • Registration Details: The domain is currently registered, as indicated by the registered flag being true. The whois_raw data is disabled due to GDPR, which reflects privacy regulations that restrict the public display of personal data.
  • Registry Domain ID: The unique identifier for this domain within the registry is “D327765880-CNIC.”
  • Registrar IANA ID and Domain Status: The domain status includes clientTransferProhibited and clientDeleteProhibited, which are standard ICANN statuses indicating restrictions on transferring and deleting the domain, respectively. These statuses are meant to prevent unauthorized changes to the domain registration.
  • Registration Dates: The domain was created on September 30, 1998, and is set to expire on June 1, 2024. The last update to the domain’s record was made on January 13, 2024.
  • Nameservers: The domain is configured to use two nameservers: NS1.DIRECTORIES.ORG and NS2.DIRECTORIES.ORG. These servers are responsible for directing traffic to the correct server where the domain’s content is hosted.
  • Contacts: Due to GDPR regulations, detailed contact information for the registrar, registrant, admin, and tech contacts is disabled. However, it lists “Hosting.gl ApS” as the organization associated with the registrar contact, along with a phone number and an abuse contact email address.
  • Domain Name: The specific domain in question is “shop.gl.”
  • Requests Available: Since this Whois record is obtained and parsed with our Whois API, there are 13 requests available, suggesting this information comes from a service with a limit on the number of WHOIS queries that can be performed.

The WHOIS record provides a snapshot of the domain’s registration and administrative details, subject to privacy limitations imposed by GDPR. This reflects a balance between transparency in domain registration and protection of personal data. The inclusion of domain statuses and contact information for abuse reporting is crucial for maintaining domain integrity and providing avenues for addressing potential issues.

How .gl WHOIS Works

When you perform a WHOIS search on a domain name, the service looks up the requested domain in a database and returns information about its registration (as shown in the example above). This information typically includes the name of the registrant, their contact information, the domain’s registrar, and various dates related to the domain’s registration and expiry. It’s a straightforward process that provides a snapshot of a domain’s registration details, which can be crucial for various legal, business, and technical purposes.

Who Uses .gl WHOIS

The users of WHOIS are diverse, reflecting the wide range of stakeholders in the internet’s infrastructure. They include:

  • Domain Research and Registration: Individuals or entities looking to register a .gl domain can use Whois to check the availability of their desired domain name. If a domain is already taken, Whois provides information about the domain’s registration status, including the expiration date, which can be useful for planning future registration attempts.
  • Contacting Domain Owners: Whois data includes contact information for domain registrants, making it possible to reach out for inquiries related to domain purchases, partnership opportunities, or resolving domain-related issues.
  • Legal and Cybersecurity Investigations: Whois data can assist in legal investigations, intellectual property disputes, and cybersecurity efforts by revealing the identities behind .gl domains involved in fraudulent, spamming, or malicious activities.
  • Market Research: Businesses and analysts can use .gl Whois data to understand market trends, track competitors, and identify potential business opportunities within the Greenland.
  • Domain Management and Monitoring: Corporations can track domain expiration dates for all their domains and prevent unintentional domain name expirations.

Managing .gl WHOIS

The management of the .gl WHOIS service falls under the jurisdiction of TELE Greenland A/S, the telecommunications company that administers the .gl domain. As the official registry for .gl domains, TELE Greenland A/S oversees the registration process, ensuring that all .gl domains comply with local and international regulations. Their management of the .gl WHOIS database ensures that information about .gl domain registrations is accessible to the public, maintaining the transparency and accountability that are foundational to the domain name system.

Established in April 1994, the .gl WHOIS service is a crucial tool for maintaining transparency and accountability in the digital age. By providing detailed information about domain registrations, WHOIS services like the one managed by TELE Greenland A/S play a vital role in the governance of the internet’s domain name system. Whether you’re a cybersecurity professional, a business owner, or just curious about who owns a particular .gl domain, the WHOIS service offers a window into the world of domain registration, illuminating the details that help keep the internet open and trustworthy.

Even though Greenland is a part of Danish kingdom, the .gl domain shouldn’t be mixed with Denmark’s ccTLD .dk or Google’s gTLD .gle! Not yet confused? Here’s Google’s URL shortening just to throw you off – goo.gl

Exploring Greenland’s Digital Terrain: The .gl ccTLD

In the diverse ecosystem of the internet, country code top-level domains (ccTLDs) play a crucial role in representing and identifying digital entities associated with specific countries or territories. Among these, the .gl ccTLD stands as Greenland’s digital identifier, offering a unique domain space for entities wishing to establish an online presence connected to this vast and icy domain. This section delves into the concept of ccTLDs, with a spotlight on the .gl domain, exploring its management and significance in the digital world.

Understanding ccTLDs And .gl Domain

ccTLDs are two-letter domain extensions assigned to countries or territories based on the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 country codes. These domains are used by entities that wish to emphasize their geographical location, cultural identity, or market presence within a specific region. Examples of ccTLDs include:

ccTLD Popularity 2024
ccTLD Popularity 2024

Each ccTLD has its registry, policies, and registration requirements, reflecting the diverse internet governance structures across the globe. These domains provide a way for businesses, organizations, and individuals to cater to local audiences, enhancing brand recognition and trust within their respective regions.

The .gl ccTLD: A Portal to Greenland

The .gl ccTLD is the country code top-level domain for Greenland, the world’s largest island, known for its breathtaking landscapes and rich Inuit culture. As a digital representation of Greenland, the .gl domain offers a unique branding opportunity for local entities and those with a connection to the region. It serves as a gateway for businesses, government institutions, and cultural projects to reach both local and global audiences, promoting digital engagement with Greenland’s heritage and offerings.

Management of the .gl ccTLD

We’ve already covered that the stewardship of the .gl ccTLD is entrusted to TELE Greenland A/S, the national telecommunications provider responsible for Greenland’s connectivity and digital infrastructure. As the official registry for .gl domains, TELE Greenland A/S oversees the registration process, ensuring compliance with both local regulations and global best practices in domain management. Their role involves maintaining the integrity of the .gl domain space, facilitating a secure and stable online environment for Greenlandic entities to thrive digitally.

TELE Greenland A/S’s management of the .gl ccTLD reflects the broader objectives of ccTLD registries worldwide: to provide a dedicated, culturally relevant domain space that supports the digital aspirations of their respective communities. By managing the .gl domain, TELE Greenland A/S plays a pivotal role in shaping Greenland’s digital landscape, enabling the island’s unique identity to be represented and recognized on the global stage.

The .gl ccTLD is more than just a digital extension; it’s a symbol of Greenland’s unique identity and its aspirations in the digital age. Through the management of TELE Greenland A/S, the .gl domain provides a platform for Greenlandic entities to establish a significant online presence, connecting with audiences both locally and globally. As the internet continues to grow, the importance of ccTLDs like .gl in aiding digital communities and cultural identity remains paramount.

Online Business in Greenland and .gl Domain

Greenland, the world’s largest island, is a place of breathtaking landscapes, rich Inuit culture, and a unique blend of traditional and modern life. Despite its remote location and challenging climate, Greenland is progressively embracing the digital age, with internet penetration and e-commerce usage steadily rising. This vast Arctic territory, with a sparse population spread across its vast expanse, has recognized the importance of digital connectivity as a means to bridge distances, promote economic growth, and integrate with the global community.

The internet penetration rate in Greenland has seen significant improvement over the years, thanks to concerted efforts by the government and private sector to expand digital infrastructure. Initiatives to deploy broadband networks across populated areas have enhanced access to high-speed internet, enabling residents and businesses to participate more actively in the digital economy. E-commerce, though still in its nascent stages compared to more developed markets, is gaining traction as local businesses and entrepreneurs explore online platforms to sell goods and services. The .gl domain plays a pivotal role in this digital transformation, offering a distinct online identity that resonates with Greenland’s heritage and aspirations.

Doing online business on a .gl domain
Doing online business on a .gl domain

Doing online business in Greenland presents unique opportunities and challenges. The increasing internet accessibility has opened new avenues for local businesses to reach customers both domestically and internationally. E-commerce platforms tailored to Greenland’s context, emphasizing sustainability and local products, could tap into niche markets with global appeal. However, logistical challenges, such as the distribution of goods across remote and inaccessible areas, and the need for digital literacy and entrepreneurship skills among the population, are hurdles that need addressing. Nevertheless, with the ongoing digital advancements and a growing emphasis on innovation, Greenland is on a path toward becoming a vibrant player in the global online marketplace.

Where Can I Register .gl Domains?

What better way to start an online business in Greenland, than to register a .gl domain. Here’s a list of domain registrars that offer .gl domain registration. We’ve already done similar research in the past when we looked at which domain registrar has most domain names registered, and when we were looking where you can register .be domains and .ee domains.

  • Squarespace.com is one of the largest domain registrars and as an example offers several European domain extensions, including .it.nl.UK and .eu, but not .gl. This is a good example that .gl domains aren’t available everywhere.
  • Lexsynergy –offers trademark protections and, as such, offers domain registration for ccTLDs around the world (1300+ TLDs), including Greenland domains. We interviewed Daniel Greenberg, their Founder and CEO.
  • Marcaria – Marcaria has been our client for several years. Marcaria.com stands as a leading online platform for global trademark and domain name registration and protection. With more than two decades of expertise, the company has successfully provided services to over 180,000 customers across 180 countries and territories.
  • Complete list – If you want to see the entire list of domain registrars that offer .be domain registration, click here.


Goran Duskic has been the Founder and CEO of WhoAPI Inc. since 2011, a company that specializes in developing APIs, including the well-known Whois API. He started his career in internet entrepreneurship in 2006 and has co-founded several online businesses, including a web hosting company that he later sold. Goran's work primarily involves creating practical API solutions to meet technological needs.