.BR WHOIS: Navigating Brazil’s Digital Landscape

Every nation is distinguished by a unique digital signature, most often denoted by a country code Top-Level Domain (ccTLD). For Brazil, this digital signature is “.br.” Managing a domain under this ccTLD entails understanding the .BR WHOIS protocol, a fundamental mechanism for ensuring transparency and responsibility in domain management.

The Significance of .BR in Domain Administration

.BR is the country code Top-Level Domain (ccTLD) specifically allocated for Brazil. It acts as a crucial identifier, signifying that a website or online service has its roots in Brazil. Similar to how a physical address enables you to locate a specific house in a neighborhood, a domain name under the .BR ccTLD helps users and enterprises identify and access Brazilian digital entities on the expansive internet.

The .br domain is organized and managed by the Brazilian Network Information Center, commonly referred to as NIC.br (Núcleo de Informação e Coordenação do Ponto BR). NIC.br is a non-profit organization that is responsible for implementing the decisions and projects designed by the Brazilian Internet Steering Committee (Comitê Gestor da Internet no Brasil – CGI.br).

.BR ccTLD is one of the most popular ccTLDs in the World.

The .br domain was created on April 18, 1989. Since its inception, it has been a key component of Brazil’s internet infrastructure, reflecting the country’s digital identity and supporting its presence in the global digital landscape.

Brazilians decided to organize their domain space with domains such as com.br, log.br, app.br, wiki.br, tv.br and many others. Brazil offers a diverse range of .br domain extensions catering to various sectors and interests. These include general domains like .com.br and .net.br, as well as specialized ones such as .med.br for medical professionals, .eco.br for ecological initiatives, and many more. Each category aims to represent and serve the specific needs of its respective community within Brazil’s digital space.

What is a ccTLD?

A ccTLD, or Country Code Top-Level Domain, is a two-letter domain extension, such as .br for Brazil, .de for Germany, or .jp for Japan. These are set aside for countries or autonomous territories. ccTLDs are pivotal in the domain name system (DNS), allowing nations to carve out a distinct, recognizable digital space that mirrors their cultural, linguistic, or geographic uniqueness.

When it comes to Brazilain ccTLD, there are over 5 million domain names registered.

br domain statistics
br domain statistics

.BR WHOIS: An In-depth Exploration

WHOIS is a protocol used for querying databases that store the registered users or assignees of an internet resource, like a domain name. .BR WHOIS, in particular, refers to the WHOIS service for .br domains. It permits individuals to obtain crucial information about a domain name registered under the .br ccTLD, including the domain owner’s contact details, the domain’s registration and expiration dates, and associated nameservers.

The use of .BR WHOIS encompasses transparency and security. It’s a vital tool for various stakeholders:

  1. Domain Buyers: Before acquiring a domain, potential buyers can use .BR WHOIS to verify the domain’s status and history.
  2. Legal Professionals: For legal disputes or intellectual property issues, stakeholders can identify the domain owner for appropriate legal action.
  3. Cybersecurity Experts: WHOIS data is often used by professionals to track malicious activities or investigate cyber incidents.

Brazil: A Brief Overview

Brazil, known for its breathtaking landscapes, rich cultural heritage, and robust economy, is a nation that stands proud with its commitment to diversity and progress. From the dense Amazon rainforests to the vibrant cities like Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo, Brazil encapsulates a spirit of resilience and innovation. This commitment is also evident in Brazil’s digital domain, where the .br ccTLD is a crucial part of the nation’s digital identity and infrastructure.

.BR Whois example

.BR WHOIS is more than a mere protocol; it symbolizes Brazil’s dedication to maintaining a transparent, secure, and well-regulated digital space. Understanding .BR WHOIS and the broader context of ccTLDs is essential for anyone navigating the digital landscape, whether for business, legal matters, or security purposes. As Brazil continues to march forward, its digital domain, marked by the .br ccTLD, will undoubtedly play a significant role in shaping its path in the digital age.

Let’s make an example Whois API request with JSON output.

The WHOIS JSON response provides various details about the domain “brand.com.br” while also highlighting the impact of GDPR (General Data Protection Regulation) on the visibility of certain information. Here’s a breakdown of the key elements in the response:

  1. Status and Server Details:
    • “status”: “0” and “status_desc”: “Successfully processed” indicate that the WHOIS query was successfully processed.
    • “whois_server”: “whois.registro.br” specifies that the WHOIS information is served by the Brazilian registry, Registro.br.
  2. Domain Registration Status:
    • “registered”: true confirms that the domain is currently registered.
    • “registered_trusted”: true suggests that the domain is recognized or verified in some manner, although the exact meaning can depend on the specific implementation by the WHOIS service.
  3. GDPR Impact:
    • The presence of “Disabled due to GDPR” in various fields (like whois_raw, contacts[].name, and contacts[].full_address) indicates that personal information is withheld to comply with GDPR. This regulation restricts the public display of personal data to protect the privacy of individuals within the EU, and its effects are often observed in WHOIS responses globally.
  4. Understandebly, Brazil doesn’t adhere to GDPR, but they do to LGPD. Brazil’s General Data Protection Law (Lei Geral de Proteção de Dados, or LGPD), enacted in August 2018 and effective from September 2020, is a comprehensive legal framework that governs the use of personal data in Brazil.
  5. Modeled after the European Union’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), the LGPD establishes clear rules for the collection, use, processing, and storage of personal data, both digital and physical.
  6. Domain Details:
    • “premium”: false suggests that the domain is not categorized as a premium domain by the registrar.
    • “generic_whois”: false indicates that the WHOIS response is not generic and is probably tailored specifically for the .br ccTLD.
    • “date_expires”: “2024-03-21 00:00:00” provides the expiration date of the domain, indicating that the domain is registered until March 21, 2024.
  7. Nameservers:
    • The nameservers list shows the DNS servers associated with the domain. These web hosting servers are responsible for directing traffic to the correct location for the domain.
  8. Contacts:
    • The contacts array contains information about various roles associated with the domain (registrar, registrant, admin, tech). However, due to GDPR, the name and full address are disabled.
  9. Miscellaneous:
    • “requests_available”: 95 indicates the number of remaining WHOIS queries available before hitting a rate limit or quota.
    • “_cached”: false suggests that the response is not from a cached source and was generated in real-time or very recently. Compared to a Live Whois API option.

It’s important to note that while WHOIS services aim to provide accurate and up-to-date information about domain registrations, the exact structure and content of the responses can vary between different registrars and WHOIS servers.


Goran Duskic has been the Founder and CEO of WhoAPI Inc. since 2011, a company that specializes in developing APIs, including the well-known Whois API. He started his career in internet entrepreneurship in 2006 and has co-founded several online businesses, including a web hosting company that he later sold. Goran's work primarily involves creating practical API solutions to meet technological needs.